Transmission Lines and Their Operation
Interconnected System Operation
Test and answer sheets are included separately for administration by local
2. Operator Refresher Program
Refresher training of experienced plant operators is provided at the Western Area
Power Administration (Western) Electric Power Training Center, (EPTC), Denver. This
training is composed of two parts: (1) a series of brief lecture-discussion reviews of
power system emergency considerations, power flow effects and methods of
compensation, and other system-equipment relations, and (2) extended sessions of
practice and demonstration on operating procedures, proper clearance procedures,
and the effects of faults and equipment failures. All practice and demonstration
sessions use the powerplant-transmission system simulator for "hands-on" realism.
It is desirable that prospective participants study the lessons described in Section
1. above and
Basic Math for Electrical, 5th Edition
Electricity 1-7, 2nd Edition
Prospective participants should also know the fundamentals of basic mathematics
including simple algebra, ratio and proportion, square and square roots, and right
angle trigonometry before attending the training center.
3. Switching Operations Training Program
Each project is responsible for continuing training, certification, and recertification
for all O&M personnel who perform switching operations in Reclamation facilities.
Switching shall be performed only by authorized and certified personnel, and in the
manner prescribed by FIST Vol. 1.1 "Power System Clearance Procedures." All
Reclamation and foreign (non-Reclamation) personnel who perform switching
operations in Reclamation facilities shall be initially certified to perform this work by
instruction at each station to which they are assigned normal switching duties. During
emergencies, this certification shall in no way restrict the use of certified switchmen at
stations where they are not certified. Switchmen shall be trained and examined
annually to verify that their knowledge of required procedures is complete and correct.