Natural gas storage.
These enabling technologies are coordinated through a diesel cross-cut team that has linked DOE
diesel R&D in the OHVT and Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles (PNGV) in the
office of Advanced Automotive Technologies. Many of the advances in these technologies will
be applicable to spark-ignition engines as well as to diesel engines. Thus, the benefits of the
R&D will be enjoyed by the entire transportation industry, including the automotive sector.
For several years, participation and input from OHVT's customers has been solicited through a
series of customer-focus workshops to identify the critical R&D needs and define the R&D
thrusts, financial resources, and schedules to meet those needs. Two general workshops covering
a broad range of needs and technologies were held in April and October of 1996. Subsequently,
more targeted workshops were held with industry stakeholders to provide input to the
program plan in areas such as alternative fuels, natural gas engines, fuels and engine policies and
directions, truck aerodynamics, and diesel-engine emission reduction.
This document is based on a workshop on Research Needs for Reducing Friction and Wear in
Transportation, which was held at the Argonne National Laboratory on March 22-23, 1999.
Participation was solicited from all parts of the transportation industry that might be concerned
about friction and wear, including fleet operators, truck and automobile manufacturers, diesel-
engine manufacturers, component manufacturers, lubricant suppliers, railroad operators, and
railroad engine manufacturers. Personal visits were made to many of the industrial participants
before the workshop to explore key issues in depth. In addition to the industrial
participants, representatives also were invited from the national laboratories, other federal
laboratories, contract research organizations, and universities.
The workshop was divided into six segments:
Introductory talks by representatives of DOE to describe how this subject area fits
into their overall plan.
Keynote talks on the effect of friction on fuel economy and the effect of emission-
related efforts on new challenges related to friction and wear.
A series of presentations by representatives of the various affected industrial
segments on their needs related to reducing friction and wear and what kinds of
technological developments would be useful.
Five state-of-the-art talks on recent technological developments that might be useful
for solving problems related to friction and wear.
Breakout sessions to prioritize research needs in four areas: materials, coatings,
lubricants, and design methods.
Reports from the breakout sessions and discussions thereof.