circuits. Similar emphasis should be placed on high energy mechanical and hydraulic
systems re: piping schematics or linkages.
2. Discussion of any incident/miscue summary reports for other projects. These
reports should be studied and discussed to familiarize O&M personnel with
circumstances surrounding operating incidents and equipment problems and draw
attention to similar conditions which may exist at their own facilities. This is helpful in
keeping operating personnel at all levels alert and aware of the importance of
establishing a record of incident-free performance and sharing expertise and
experience throughout Reclamation.
3. Instructions on operation of equipment can advantageously be given by a veteran
member of the O&M staff having responsibility for the equipment. Instructions on the
following topics are desirable: clearance and associated procedures, circuit breakers
and associated relay operations, disconnecting switches, sectionalizing switches,
ground switches, load break switches, gang-operated switches, potential transformers,
potential devices, current transformers, power transformers, capacitor banks,
batteries, battery chargers, gates, valves, turbines, unit waterways, generators,
governors, station service systems, heating and ventilating systems, compressed air
systems, drainage systems, equipment checks, reports and logging, communications,
fire protection and annunciators. Personal safety should be emphasized in all
discussions and instructions including coverage of Reclamation O&M Safety
4. Discussion of operating procedures including: responsibility of operators,
switchmen, prearranged clearances, emergency clearances, numbering of switches,
and safety rules.
5. Discussions of dispatching substation operations including: Special control
switches, breaker indicating lights, precautions to be observed when synchronizing,
reclosing relays, restoring service to loads, transmission loop and radio operation
controlling lines, communications, switching order, substation and special reports,
substation operating procedures, carrier-current relay functions, various types of relays,
step-by-step procedures for testing various pieces of equipment, operating
procedures for those transmission lines under the direct supervision of the dispatcher
in the area, operating procedures for those transmission lines under local supervision
in the area, and operating emergency procedures for the larger stations.